yoo, the correct answer for this is A) they lived in a republican society with democratic institutions such as the secret ballot.i got this one wrong and the correct answer is A.
Pedro's comment was correct. As per Henretta's "America: A Concise History, Volume I: To 1877", 4th ed, page 354:"Despite their economic and social prominence, the slave-owning elite could not easilycontrol the political life of the Cotton South. Unlike the planter-aristocrats of the eighteenthcentury, they lived in a republican society with representative institutions.The Alabama Constitution of 1819 granted suffrage to all white men. It also providedfor a secret ballot; apportionment based on population; and the election of countysupervisors, sheriffs, and clerks of court."Henretta, James A. and David Brody. America: A Concise History, Volume I: To 1877. 4th ed., Boston: Bedford/ St. Martin’s, 2010, 364